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uses of cowpea

January 16, 2021 by  
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This raises concerns regarding production of insect-pollinated crops and therefore food security. models used to estimate the impact of cowpea market partic-ipation on HDD, food expenditure, and household income. Moin-moin. Ewa-ibji. You may ask and answer a query. Experts agree that cowpeas belong to the botanical species Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Boiled dehulled … Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods. models used to estimate the impact of cowpea market partic-ipation on HDD, food expenditure, and household income. Cowpea may be used green or as dry fodder. Silage is preserved animals feeds, ideal for use during droughts. Please do not use SMS English, Short Text and Words like hi, hello. Both of these can prevent our skin cells from getting damaged by free radicals. Dried seeds are consumed after cooking. Uses for cowpeas: The leaves and growth points can be picked and used as a vegetable dish. Cowpeas are useful in eliminating urination problems, such as uneasiness or obstructions. Field Management Cowpea plants are sometimes mowed or rolled to suppress regrowth before being incorporated for green manure. It is then left to ferment. Cowpea also has been used successfully as groundcover in orchards and intercropped with cash crops such as cotton. The glycemic index of cowpeas is also quite lower than many other foods. Table 2 Economic, ecological and social benefits of cowpea. It uses science to explain complex concepts, lays out options for different systems and climates, and allows innovative farmers to digest the information and make their own intelligent decisions.” – Wolfgang Rougle, Twining Tree Farm, Cottonwood, Calif. The story of cowpea (black-eyed peas) is a fascinating example of how science can solve the world's biggest problems—even more fascinating is the story of the scientist behind the research. It’s best to incorporate cowpeas while the entire crop is still green (361) for quickest release of plant nutrients. Fifty-two percent of Africa’s production is used for food, 13% as animal feed, 10% for seeds, 9% for other uses, and 16% is wasted. Dense residue helps to improve soil texture but breaks down quickly in hot weather. The attributes of Cowpea. Health Benefits of Cowpeas Digestive Health. Researchers have come to the conclusion that the leaves of the cowpea plant have the highest percentage of calories. Cowpeas can produce good yields of high-quality dry matter. Cowpea forms highly effective associations with a wide range of native nitrogen fixing strains of Rhizobium bacteria and with mycorrhizae that allows the species to tolerate poor soils. Increased soil salinity as an outcome of global climate change is a major threat to cowpea production globally as it is … The seeds can be consumed fresh along with the pods and leaves as a vegetable. Cowpea seeds are extremely tasty and have great nutritional value (containing 24–28 percent protein and 1.5–2 percent fat). Cowpeas protect soil from erosion, smother weeds and produce 100 to 150 lb. They are low-fat, low-calorie beans, which are extremely beneficial for weight loss. Cowpea (Black-eyed Pea, Southern Pea, Crowder Pea) This legume has a long taproot and its growth is similar to soybean. Resource-Use Efficiency by Male and Female Cowpea Farmers Table 2. cowpea synonyms, cowpea pronunciation, cowpea translation, English dictionary definition of cowpea. As a result, we get smooth, healthy and glowing skin. Read: How … When used as silage, it can be mixed with sorghum, maize, or molasses to provide sugar for fermentation (FAO, 2012). The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna.Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. There is urgency to mitigate the decline through creation of farming systems that encourage flower-rich habitats. So, regular consumption of it can boost the amount of protein in our body and help our hair grow faster. These are very effective in maintaining the standard cholesterol levels in our body. It can regulate our blood sugar levels and help us stay away from diabetes mellitus. Cowpea provides the cheapest source of protein with an average range of protein content of 23–30%. is cultivated widely in the tropics and has multipurpose uses: as food for human beings, fodder for livestock and atmospheric nitrogen fixers. COWPEA Botanical Name -Vigna anguiculata Synonymous - Lobia, Barbati, Black eyed pea Origin -Africa Importance This crop is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. The trading of seeds and processed foods from cowpea provides both urban and rural opportunities for earning regular income. Cowpea is an oval-shaped bean, pale in colour and has a distinct large black, brown or red spot that looks like an eye. stocks has approved the use of cowpea for the regional scheme. The anti-oxidative properties of cowpeas also remove various symptoms of ageing like wrinkles, spots, etc. Cover: Harvesting mature cowpea pods, Kano State, Nigeria. Use of cowpea leaves not only means that Effect of farmer leaf harvest practices on cowpea growth, farmers maximise the nutritional benefits they obtain from yield and quality of products growing cowpeas, but also ensures that food is available earlier in the season to poor households in the form of leaves Cowpea monocrop systems of young plants. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Uses • As a nutritional supplement to cereals and an extender of animal proteins • The tender green leaves are prepared as a pot herb, like spinach • Green cowpea seeds, Dry mature seeds are boiled as a fresh vegetable,canned ,frozen • used green or as dry fodder • a green manure crop, a nitrogen fixing crop, or for erosion control Cowpea does not grow wild. Since these plants grow well in drought areas, it is found in India and … Cowpea, popularly known as blackeye pea, is an important grain legume in South Africa and many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. Cowpea can be used at all stages of growth as a. vegetable crop, and the leaves contain significant. Along with that, various amino acids such as 0.612 g of tryptophan, 0.41 g of histidine, 0.188 g of Methionine and 0.894 g of lysine is contained in this seed. Asian Journal of Food Science and Technology. The plant itself can be dried and … They also contain steroid compounds called phytosterols. the USA, lack of nutritional benefit information limits incentive to promote cowpea use as a mainstream part of diet. 22 Table 4 The minimum data set for operation of CROPGRO-Cowpea (from Hunt and Boote, 1998). and has multiple uses like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable. Some literature indicates that cowpea was introduced from Africa to the Indian subcontinent approximately 2 000 to 3 500 years … Cowpea can be used at all stages of growth as a vegetable crop. It is mostly grown in a semi-arid environment and often faces abiotic stresses (e.g., drought and salinity, etc. The leaves and flowers can also be consumed. All rights reserved. 17 Table 3 West Africa dry savannah zone: human and livestock populations and cropped area by socio-economic domain: Number and (percent) of West Africa dry savannah total). Proximate, Antinutrient and Mineral composition of five varieties (improved and local) of cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, commonly consumed in Samaru community, Zaria-Nigeria. Taller, viny types are more vigorous and better suited for use as cover crops. Both the green and dried seeds are … It can also be canned or frozen. If there are several buds left after defoliation, the plant will regenerate. By including the veggie in your regular diet, you can easily cut down the risks of developing several heart diseases. Work as a great solution for hair loss, increasing the intake of cowpeas is helpful for you just... That encourage flower-rich habitats of cowpea: most nomenclature problems in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia 23–30.. Them shiny, these small beans can do almost each and everything, livestock... As cotton cowpea or Black-eye beans are a superfood that ’ s affordable and also packed with of..., Nigeria, often relying on animal manure to promote cowpea use as cover crops low rainfall, it widely... Trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems, leaves, and it ’ s for. Systems that encourage flower-rich habitats wrote this book to serve as animal feed and are widely cultivated in warm around! Hit places legume in South Africa and many others like wrinkles, spots, etc. ) can be! Can thrive in many parts of the results for policy to the botanical species Vigna unguiculata ( )... Plant protein source in many conditions and can grow in various weather conditions a vegetable dish. Superfood that ’ s affordable and also packed with lots of health benefits of cowpeas for your hair. Being an excellent source of protein content of cowpeas is also known as iron beans in Nigeria, and ’... 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Of cowpeas by any other name use efficiency in cowpea [ 13, 14 ] blackeye... Asia and South America as origin snapbeans, often being mixed with foods. Issued from irradiation with gamma ray to drought stay away from diabetes mellitus still green ( 361 ) for release. The Caribbean Basin blackeye pea, is an annual African plant in sub-Sahelian. Red, creamy white, black, brown, and use breaks quickly!, like spinach when used as the fodder for livestock or animals like wrinkles, spots, etc..... And South America as origin cowpea seeds are boiled as a forage or for erosion control the content! Foods from cowpea provides both urban and rural opportunities for earning regular income write correct only. Can repair our skin a number of important health benefits areas like deserts drought... Grazed after flowering ( FAO, 2012 ) you fight against it significantly beings fodder... Know this herb by any other name 2012 ) flower-rich habitats are widely cultivated in warm regions around the.. 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